Klean Antioxidant™ by Klean Athlete™ is a NSF Certified for Sport® supplement that supplies a unique
combination of nutrients with potent antioxidants to help repair oxidative damage to the body due to intense
Klean Antioxidant™ contains the patented combination of Acetyl-L-Carnitine, and Lipoic Acid that has been the
focus of research by Dr. Bruce Ames and an award-winning team of scientists at the University of California,
Berkley. This patented, scientifically researched combination** supports healthy aging and mitochondrial
function.† The addition of Maqui berry and Astaxanthin in this formula provide powerful antioxidant activity to
promote cellular health and to help repair oxidative stress.† Astaxanthin has gained great attention lately for
its ability to effectively scavenge free radicals and support multiple health functions as a “super” carotenoid.†
The free radical or mitochondrial theory of aging has received increasing recognition during the last 20 years.
The theory states the mitochondria are the major source of toxic oxidants, which are capable of reacting with
and destroying cell constituents and which accumulate with age or high intensity aerobic exercise. The
consequence of this destructive activity is an inefficient cell and a body we recognize as aged (wrinkled skin,
low energy level). The gradual loss of energy with age is paralleled by a decrease in number of mitochondria
per cell, as well as, the health and energy-producing efficiency of those remaining mitochondria.
Research has shown that an important factor in aging is the decay of the mitochondria, the organelles within
the cell that convert amino acids, fatty acids and sugars into energy. Research performed by scientists and
others has demonstrated that as we age, the efficiency of the mitochondria diminishes, as does their quantity
per cell. The effect is a body operating at one-half to one-fourth the energy it had at youth.
Research has shown that strenuous aerobic exercise can be associated with oxidative stress and suboptimal
tissue structure and function in the body. Exercise above the threshold levels of one hundred and fifty fitness
points per week or working at 80% of predicted maximum heart rate for at least 5 hours per week may greatly
increase the body’s production of excess free radicals which can result in unwanted changes to the body’s
tissues and cause cells to becomes more susceptible to aging. Antioxidants are essential to longevity support
due to their ability to neutralize free radicals as a result of oxidative stress.† Oxidative stress is also thought to
contribute to the aging process due to damage to cells, lipids, and DNA. Maqui berries, grown in the pristine
mountains of Chile are considered a “super” fruit. They have about two times the antioxidant capacity of Acai
berry due to the abundance of polyphenol and anthocyanin content. Astanxanthin, the most powerful
carotenoid antioxidant sourced from algae, is increasingly popular due to its numerous health benefits studied
such as cardiovascular, immune, and inflammatory support.† Astaxanthin is one of the few antioxidants that
can cross the blood-brain barrier and therefore protect the brain from oxidative stress†. Vitamin C is another
important and essential antioxidant to the body. Pureway-C® is the only form of vitamin C to contain lipidmetabolites
for enhanced bioavailability, and has been shown to be safe and effective. †
Klean Antioxidant™ is tested and certified by the NSF Certified for Sport® program, which was created to
meet the growing demands of athletes, coaches and healthcare professionals to certify that sports
supplements are safe and completely free from banned substances. Every product that carries the NSF
Certified for Sport® mark has undergone stringent laboratory testing to confirm content, purity and compliance.
Klean Antioxidant™ may be a useful dietary supplement for athletes who desire a patented, scientifically
researched combination of nutrients and antioxidants to help repair cellular damage from intense training.
Serving Size 3 Vegetarian Capsules
Amount Per Serving:
Vitamin C (as PUREWAY-C®) .........125 mg
Biotin............................................... 300 mcg
Acetyl L-Carnitine HCI** ................1,000 mg
Alpha Lipoic Acid**............................400 mg
Maqui Berry......................................100 mg
Other Ingredients: Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (vegetarian capsule), cellulose, calcium carbonate,
vegetable stearate, and silica.
**Under License With Inc.
PUREWAY-C® is a registered trademark of Innovation Labs Inc. and is used here under license.
Adults take 3 vegetarian capsules daily with a meal, or as directed.
If pregnant or lactating, consult your physician before taking this product. Alpha Lipoic Acid and Acetyl-LCarnitine
have been associated with gastrointestinal upset or skin rash in sensitive individuals.
Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct light. Keep out of reach of children.
Jenkins, RR and Goldfarb, A. Introduction: oxidant stress, aging, and exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Feb;2(2) :210-
Shigenaga MK, Hagen TM, and Ames BN (1994) Oxidative Damage and Mitochondrial Decay in Aging. Proc. Natl.Acad.
Sci. USA 91:10771-8.
Hagen TM, Ingersoll RT, Wehr CM, Lykkesfeldt J, Vinarsky V, Bartholomew JC, Song MH, and Ames BN (1998) Acetyl-LCarnitine
Fed to Old Rats Partially Restores Mitochondrial Function and Ambulatory Activity. Proc. Natl.
Acad. Sci. USA 95:9562-6.
Jian-Ping Yuan, Juan Peng, Kai Yin, Jiang-Hai Wang. Potential health-promoting effects of astaxanthin: A high-value
carotenoid mostly from microalgae. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. Jan 2011, Vol. 55, No. 1: 150-165
Aires D, Rockwell G, Wang T, Frontera J, Wick J, Wang W, Tonkovic-Capin M, Lu J, E L, Zhu H, Swerdlow RH.
Potentiation of dietary restriction-induced lifespan extension by polyphenols. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Jan 11.
Weeks BS, Perez PP. Absorption rates and free radical scavenging values of vitamin C-lipid metabolites in human
lymphoblastic cells. Med Sci Monit. 2007 Oct;13(10):BR205-10.
For more information on Klean Antioxidant™, visit kleanathlete.com
† These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.